With more than 1 million confirmed cases of coronavirus, the world is facing unprecedented damage. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease that is now affecting tens of thousands of people a day. The disease causes respiratory illness (like the flu) with symptoms such as a cough, fever, and in more severe cases, difficulty breathing.
As per World Health Organization guidelines, maintaining 1-3 meters between you and the next person, frequent washing of hands, , avoiding touching your face, and limit stepping out of your own houses are some of the small steps we can practice to protect yourself that will ultimately help everyone.
The first case of India was reported on January 30, 2020, originating from China. As of 3rd April,2020 the number of confirmed cases are 2,547 out of which 163 have recovered and 62 deaths in the country. On 24th March, the prime minister ordered a nationwide lockdown for 21 days, affecting the entire 1.3 billion population of India. In order to stop the virus from spreading we need to start social distancing and avoiding of going out as much as possible. The world's largest lockdown means all factories, markets, shops, and places of worship are now closed, most public transport suspended and construction work halted, as India asks its citizens to stay home and practice social distancing.
HOW IT SPREADS
Coronavirus disease spreads primarily through contact with an infected person when they cough or sneeze near you. It also spreads when a person touches a surface or objects that have the virus on it, and then touches their eyes, nose, or mouth.
What does social distancing mean?
Social distancing practices are changes in behaviour that can help stop the spread of infections. These often include avoid going out of houses, coming in contact with people, and frequently washing hands.
How do you practice social distancing?
One can lower their risk of infection by reducing their rate of contact with other people. Avoiding public spaces and unnecessary social gatherings will lower the chance that you will be exposed to the new coronavirus as well as to other infectious diseases like flu.
Other measures include working from home, organizing meetings via video calls rather than doing them in person and avoiding unnecessary use of public transport, etc. Social distancing “should be approached sensibly and rationally”. It is also recommended that you avoid physical contact with others in social situations, including handshakes and hugs.
Does social distancing work ?
There is evidence from previous outbreaks, including the 1918 flu pandemic and the 2014 Ebola outbreak, as well as from outbreak simulations, that social distancing practices can effectively limit the spread of infections. We don’t know exactly how the new coronavirus spreads, but similar viruses are predominantly transmitted by droplets emitted from the mouths and noses of infected people when they cough or sneeze, which can land on surfaces and people’s hands.
The one thing that every individual can do at this time is social distancing themselves for a safer and a future for them and for the country. Before, the situation gets worse we all can step up and help by avoiding going out, hand washing, avoid touching your face. Staying home is the best alternative that we have got right now and maybe staying in for few weeks may in turn help our own future. Social Distancing something which is essential, this is what we need- to be safe, to keep our family safe. Though one might find it difficult but remember it’s something for our own good.
You can make the change. We practice safe.